Laser Brown Spot Removal
What Are Brown Spots?
Brown spots on our skin have various names: brown spots, age spots, sun damage spots, café au lait spots, freckles, and solar lentigines among others. They occur on our skin as we age and as our sun exposure continues to add up. At Keamy Eye & Laser Centre, we remove these brown spots with our XEO laser.
What Causes Brown Spots to Form?
Brown spots are caused by excess melanin in the skin. Excess exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet radiation causes a local proliferation of melanocytes and the accumulation of melanin within the skin cells. While sun exposure is the most common cause of brown spots, they can also be a result of the simple aging of the skin. Human skin tans basically as a defense mechanism against the sun, stimulating the melanocyte cells to produce more melanin and darken the skin. Age/sun/brown spots are a microcosm of this process. They are simply deeper in the skin, so they don’t peel off in the way tanned skin eventually does.
Brown spots usually form on areas of the skin that receive the most sun: the face, neck, décolletage, back, shoulders, arms, legs, and feet.
How Do Lasers Remove Brown Spots?
To remove the brown spot, the excess melanin that is giving the spot its color needs to be broken up. The most effective way to do this is through the use of laser energy. When the laser energy is directed onto the surface of the skin with the brown spots, the energy is absorbed by the melanin in those spots. The energy converts to heat at the site of the spots, causing the melanin to break apart. The body then removes the melanin and the spot disappears or dramatically lessens in appearance.
How Many Treatments Are Needed to Remove the Spots?
Depending on the individual, laser brown spot removal can be very effective with from one to four sessions. Many of the spots will be removed in just one treatment.
How Long Does a Treatment Session Take?
Treatment sessions are brief. Depending on the area you are having treated, they usually last no more than 20 minutes.
What Happens After My Session?
There may be some slight swelling at the treatment site, but that passes in a few hours. The targeted spots will darken after treatment. Over the next few days, a slight scab will form on the spot and it will fall off, usually in about one week.
Is There Recovery Time?
There is no recovery time with laser brown spot removal. You can go right back to your normal routine after your session.